Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs)
- Which age group is more prone to get a sexually transmitted infection?
- Can STIs affect the baby, born to infected mother?
- Can sex be performed with ulcers on the private parts?
- Is sex safe during menstruation?
- Is vaginal discharge/Urethral discharge always an indication of STIs?
- How can STIs be prevented?
- From where can a person get information about STIs and their prevention/ treatment?
- Who is at risk?
- Can HIV be transmitted through hugging, shaking hands, mosquito bites?
- Is pregnancy especially risky for women with HIV/AIDS and their infants?
|Which age group is more prone to get a sexually transmitted infection?||Top|
|People of reproductive age who are sexually active are more prone to get these infections.|
|Can STIs affect the baby, born to infected mother?||Top|
|Yes; the baby born to infected mother can be affected.|
|Can sex be performed with ulcers on the private parts?||Top|
|Sex can be performed, however in addition to being painful the sores/ ulcers are an open source of infecting the partner. It is better to use a condom during every act and treatment must be taken as early as possible.|
|Is sex safe during menstruation?||Top|
|Sex during periods is a matter of religious and cultural beliefs and personal preferences. Unprotected sex (without condoms) puts a woman at higher risk of getting pelvic inflammatory disease (PID); further, a woman’s chance of contracting an infection, from her male partner and passing on other blood-borne diseases such as hepatitis- B or C to her partner during her periods are greater. A woman is also more likely to develop yeast or bacterial infections like candidiasis or bacterial vaginosis because the vagina’s pH during menstruation is less acidic.|
|Is vaginal discharge/Urethral discharge always an indication of STIs?||Top|
|All type of discharge are not STIs.|
|How can STIs be prevented?||Top|
|STIs can be prevented by being mutually faithful to your partner and through consistent use of condoms if there is a risk of STIs.|
|From where can a person get information about STIs and their prevention/ treatment?||Top|
|Information is available through consultation at any Family Health Clinics/FWCs and from any qualified health service provider. Additionally, any queries can be addressed through “Contacting our Consultant” in the “Contact Us” slot at the top of the Home Page.|
|Who is at risk?||Top|
|Those who do not have a steady partner, commercial sex workers, unscreened blood recipients, people who have undergone unhygienic dental treatment, health personnel if they get pricked by contaminated needle or instrument.|
|Can HIV be transmitted through hugging, shaking hands, mosquito bites?||Top|
|HIV cannot be transmitted through casual contact. This includes kissing, hugging, shaking hands, sharing food, clothing, or toilet seats. Mosquitoes cannot transmit HIV either.|
|Is pregnancy especially risky for women with HIV/AIDS and their infants?||Top|
|HIV/AIDS may increase some health risks of pregnancy; however, women with HIV/AIDS are at greater risk of having preterm births, stillbirths, and low birth weight babies.|