Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs)

   
Which age group is more prone to get a sexually transmitted infection? Top
People of reproductive age who are sexually active are more prone to get these infections.  
   
Can STIs affect the baby, born to infected mother? Top
Yes; the baby born to infected mother can be affected.  
   
Can sex be performed with ulcers on the private parts? Top
Sex can be performed, however in addition to being painful the sores/ ulcers are an open source of infecting the partner. It is better to use a condom during every act and treatment must be taken as early as possible.  
   
Is sex safe during menstruation? Top
Sex during periods is a matter of religious and cultural beliefs and personal preferences. Unprotected sex (without condoms) puts a woman at higher risk of getting pelvic inflammatory disease (PID); further, a woman’s chance of contracting an infection, from her male partner and passing on other blood-borne diseases such as hepatitis- B or C to her partner during her periods are greater. A woman is also more likely to develop yeast or bacterial infections like candidiasis or bacterial vaginosis because the vagina’s pH during menstruation is less acidic.  
   
Is vaginal discharge/Urethral discharge always an indication of STIs? Top
All type of discharge are not STIs.  
   
How can STIs be prevented? Top
STIs can be prevented by being mutually faithful to your partner and through consistent use of condoms if there is a risk of STIs.  
   
From where can a person get information about STIs and their prevention/ treatment? Top
Information is available through consultation at any Family Health Clinics/FWCs and from any qualified health service provider. Additionally, any queries can be addressed through “Contacting our Consultant” in the “Contact Us” slot at the top of the Home Page.  
   
Who is at risk? Top
Those who do not have a steady partner, commercial sex workers, unscreened blood recipients, people who have undergone unhygienic dental treatment, health personnel if they get pricked by contaminated needle or instrument.  
   
Can HIV be transmitted through hugging, shaking hands, mosquito bites? Top
HIV cannot be transmitted through casual contact. This includes kissing, hugging, shaking hands, sharing food, clothing, or toilet seats. Mosquitoes cannot transmit HIV either.  
   
Is pregnancy especially risky for women with HIV/AIDS and their infants? Top
HIV/AIDS may increase some health risks of pregnancy; however, women with HIV/AIDS are at greater risk of having preterm births, stillbirths, and low birth weight babies.