Family Planning and Islam

Religious guidance in Islam is derived primarily from the Holy Quran and Sunnah. For cases not explicitly addressed in the Holy Quran, Muslims look to the Ijtihad and Ijmah i.e. understanding the present age circumstances and reinterpreting  Islamic laws while referring to the fundamental guiding sources (the Holy Quran and Sunnah) to serve as the basis for the solution to the problems of the changing world.

Family planning is the need of the day of every married person, but at the same time, couples may have fear about the legitimacy of the available methods as per Islamic teachings. Islam values procreation within marriage, and fertility is highly prized. Children are a gift of God, the decoration of life”, says the Holy Quran. Some have used this basic position to argue that Islam does not permit contraception. However, Islamic texts do not present an obstacle to family planning. Therefore, the real need is to avoid futile debates and understand the issue purely in a scholastic manner by reviewing the relevant and subject-specific portions of the Holy Quran and reliable Ahadith, which are the authentic source of Islam.

Religious scholars and researchers of the highest caliber have contemplated the issue of family planning in Islam and have issued Fatawa. Numerous books and papers have been written on the topic as an attempt to provide readers with unbiased and reliable information that may help them to clarify their doubts regarding the Islamic and legal aspects of family planning. The e-book section of this website contains a few books written and compiled by renowned religious ulema and scholars on topics like the legitimacy of family planning in Islam, the damaging effects of a rapidly growing population and Islamic teachings, and fatawa, inviting the reader to better understand family planning in the context of Islamic teachings.

The Provincial Population Welfare Departments and Pathfinder International worked closely to produce 05 television programs on "Islamic Perspective of Birthspacing and Contraception". Renowned Islamic Scholars from major sects were engaged as panel members to discuss five topics that covered (i) Planning and Family Formation; (ii) Rights of Husbands and Wives; (iii) Birth Spacing concept in Islamic perspective; (iv) Importance of Role of Head of the Family; and (v) Right of Children. These five programs (in Urdu & Pashto) were recorded and televised on PTV and Khyber TV in October 2016. The material has been placed on YouTube for enhancing access and wider dissemination to all. 

The Programs are a valuable addition to clear misconceptions regarding family planning and contraception. They build on maternal health and social attitudes towards birth spacing using the Islamic perspective.

Links to the Urdu version of the programme are shared as below:

Renowned religious scholars shared the Islamic concept on different aspects of life. Their messages are very thought-provoking and are shared below: