Family Planning and Contraception

Family planning refers to practices that help couples to avoid unwanted births, to bring about wanted births, to regulate the interval between pregnancies, to control the time at which births occur in relation to the age of parents, and to determine the number of children they wish to have in their family. More specifically, as defined by the World Health Organization, family planning allows individuals and couples to anticipate and attain their desired number of children and the spacing and timing of their births. It is achieved through the use of contraceptive methods and the treatment of involuntary fertility.

Contraceptive methods may broadly be classified into two groups: