- Oral Pills
- Emergency Contraception
- Intra Uterine Contraceptive Device (IUCD)
|These are sheaths, or coverings, that fit over a man’s erect penis. Most are made of thin latex rubber. Condoms are the only contraceptive method that can protect against, both pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). For greatest effectiveness, correct use with every act of sex is required. They can be used without seeing a health care provider. Click here to read more.|
Oral contraceptive pills are often referred to as birth control pills. When taken by mouth every day, these pills inhibit female fertility. This is a very popular method for birth control. Usage varies widely by country, age, and education. Effectiveness depends on the user’s ability.
Combined Oral Contraceptive Pills
They contain low doses of 2 hormones, a ‘progestin’ and an ‘estrogen’, like the natural hormones progesterone and estrogen in a woman’s body. Combined oral contraceptives (COCs) are also called “the Pill”, low-dose combined pills, (OCPs) and (OCs). Some packets have 28 pills which contain 21 active pills bearing hormones, followed by 7 reminder pills which contain iron only. The other packets have 21 active pills bearing hormones only. This help protect against the risk of pregnancy, cancer of the uterus and ovary. These pills regulate the menstrual cycle and reduce menstrual cramps and bleeding problems. Click here to read more.
They contain very low doses of a ‘progestin’ like the natural hormone progesterone in a woman’s body. They do not contain estrogen, and so can be used throughout breastfeeding and by women who cannot use pills bearing estrogen. Progestin-only pills (POPs) are also called “mini pills” and progestin-only oral contraceptive pills. For greatest effectiveness, one pill is to be taken daily with no breaks at the same time. Click here to read more.
According to the policy, It will be used by women only in case of emergency. It will not be used as a regular method of FP.
Emergency Contraception (EC) is a method used by a woman to prevent an unwanted pregnancy after unprotected sexual intercourse. Two methods can be used for this purpose:
Emergency Contraceptive Pills (ECPs) should be used within 120 hours (5 days) after unprotected intercourse. Their effectiveness depends upon the period elapsed between coitus and taking the method - the earlier the pills are taken the more the chances of effectiveness.
Types of ECPs available are:
A copper containing IUCD (Copper T 380A or multi-load 375A) can also be used within 5 days of unprotected intercourse. Click here to read more.
Contraceptive injections contain female hormones. These are slowly released into the woman’s body and protect against pregnancy.
The policy states that injections will not be given to a woman who is pregnant or suspected to be pregnant. These injections will also not be given to a postpartum woman before 6 weeks after childbirth.
Progestin Only Contraceptive Injections
These injections contain ‘progestin’ like the natural hormone progesterone in a woman’s body. They do not contain estrogen, and so can be used throughout breastfeeding and by women who cannot tolerate the effect of estrogen. These injections (Progestin-only) are of two types. Injection Megestron provides contraceptive effect for 3 months or 12 weeks whereas injection Norigest provides contraceptive effect for 2 months or 8 weeks. These injections do not affect the quantity and quality of breast milk.
Combined Contraceptive Injection
This type of injection contains 2 hormones, a ‘progestin’ and an ‘estrogen’, like the natural hormones progesterone and estrogen in a woman’s body. It provides the contraceptive effect for one month or 4 weeks.
The first injection may be given between 1-5 days of the menstrual cycle and is repeated after every 30 days till pregnancy is not desired. Click here to read more.
These are small silicon rods about the size of a match stick. These implants are inserted under the skin of the woman’s upper arm. They contain the hormone progestin like a natural hormone in a woman’s body. They become effective within a short time (24 hours) after insertion and protect the woman from pregnancy. They are very effective and fertility returns immediately after their removal.
According to the policy, these implants will be given to a woman who needs a long-term contraceptive method. These implants will not be given to women who are pregnant or suspected to be pregnant. Insertion and removal will be carried only by the doctors trained in the procedures.
Implants are of three types:
The implants have to be removed from their site of insertion after completion of the effective period or earlier if the client desires to become pregnant. Click here to read more.
The intra uterine contraceptive device (IUCD) is a small flexible plastic frame having the shape of the English letter ‘T’. It can be inserted into a woman’s uterus through her vagina and cervix preferably during menstruation when the flow of bleeding is decreased. Its insertion leads to effective long-term prevention of pregnancy. It is reversible, and after its removal pregnancy is not delayed. It can occur as soon as in those women who do not use IUCD.
As per the policy, the IUCD will be inserted by a medical or a paramedical health care provider, who is trained in its insertion technique, at a facility that has acceptable standards of asepsis and infection control. A woman can start using IUCD at any time when she is reasonably certain that she is not pregnant.
Copper Bearing IUCD
Copper Bearing IUCD are of two types:
Hormone Bearing IUCD
It contains the hormone progestin and is utilized for therapeutic purposes. Contraceptive effect is an added advantage of this IUCD. Click here to read more.